The crypto market keeps evolving and bringing new concepts that increase the scalability of the decentralised platforms. The recent introduction of the BRC-20 standard gained much attention from crypto enthusiasts and became one of the most talked about topics in the crypto world.
BRC-20 is a token-minting standard introduced in March 2023, and it soon became one of the most important introductions to the Binance Smart Chain, with potential use cases in several decentralised projects.
The BRC-20 standard operates on the Bitcoin blockchain, using the Bitcoin’s ordinal inscription. Unlike Ethereum’s ERC-20, this experimental token standard does not deploy smart contracts as a protocol to validate transactions. Instead, it is saved as a script file on a Bitcoin and linked to the tokens in Satoshis.
BRC-20 experimental tokens can be integrated with JSON data files and can be used for minting and transferring tokens. Despite being in its premature phase, this standard has drawn mass attention, and developers have started to incorporate it into their assets.
BRC-20 Vs. ERC-20
The first difference is the blockchain where they operate. The BRC-20 operates on the Bitcoin, while the ERC-20 on the Ethereum blockchain.
ERC-20’s functionality stems from deploying the smart contracts, unlike the BRC-20, which has limited use cases. Moreover, the ERC-20 standard is more established and many projects and dApps already run on the Ethereum blockchain since it is older than the BRC-20 protocol.
How Does BRC-20 Affect Network Congestion and Fees?
Typically, there are no fees or network costs when sending or receiving Bitcoins. However, let’s see the impact of the newly introduced BRC-20.
- Higher token activity as users started embracing this new protocol, leading to increased network operation and more congestion.
- Working with BRC-20 may require exchanges or swaps, increasing the on-chain activity and worsening Bitcoin’s network congestion.
- The possibility to implement a layer-2 while operating with BRC-20 can reduce congestion on the network by executing operations off-chain.
- The effective token structure and designs can cut transaction time or block space to ease the stress from the blockchain network.
Challenges Of BRC-20
BRC-20 tokens are still in the experimental phase and have a long way to go. Therefore, unforeseeable risks may exist. Due to the current experimental nature of this standard, it is not known if it will be useful at all. Eventually, the novel token can have little to no use at all.
The Potential For BRC-20
The new BRC-20 standard has introduced new breakthroughs in crypto technology. Therefore, the potential is there for the new protocol to tap into new opportunities and explore larger scalability, where developers can launch and operate their digital assets and applications across multiple platforms.
BRC-20 is a new protocol for token minting, hosting, and sharing, using a different protocol than the already existing smart contracts protocol.
Therefore, we could be on the verge of exploring new edges and possibilities if this project keeps developing, taking into account current blockchain challenges.