The First Industrial Revolution in 18th century Britain was a landmark historical event. The revolution brought about massive transitions in the society and economy as brand-new technologies & processes came into the picture. All three sectors of the socio-economic system of Great Britain and eventually the rest of Europe & the world underwent massive overhauls with
The impact of the Industrial Revolution is one of the most essential topics of modern world history due to its immense impact on human activities & livelihood and the Earth’s ecosystem at large. Chances are very high that you will encounter history homework & assignments on this topic time & again.
If you score perfect grades in every one of those assignments, give this write-up a thorough read. It offers some revelatory insights into both the positive & negative impacts of the Industrial Revolution.
How did the Industrial Revolution change the world economy?
During those times, the array of tools and technologies brought drastic changes to industries across sectors. Technologies such as the steam engine, textile spinning & power looms, printing press, machine tools like the cutting lathe, boring & milling machines, etc., were implemented across different industries with substantial success—the influx of powerful tools and technologies affected labor, production, and resource usage. Scientific and technological innovations were at an all-time high during this period, and numerous discoveries & inventions happened in rapid succession. The merger of technology and industry was of particular significance as this had a waterfall impact on all other aspects of the society & economy.
Subject matter experts of Tophomeworkhelp.com, one of USA’s leading history homework help services, highlight the following as the most prominent impact of the Industrial Revolution.
Several factors worked in tandem to boost agricultural productivity across Britain and Europe during this period. New equipment for cultivation, harvesting, irrigation, crop rotation, animal rearing, and new chemicals for improved crop & soil health boosted yields. Efficiency and quantity of production increased exponentially, resulting in the socio-economic machinery becoming stronger and capable of sustaining large populations.
Coal became the primary energy source by the end of the 17th century. Mining and distribution of coal became possible on a massive scale thanks to rapid tech innovations. This changed everything as dependency on human or animal effort dropped, and efficiency increased with the implementation of mechanical effort.
The coal-powered steam engine was the most decisive technology during the Industrial Revolution. Steam engines paved the way for the mechanization of industries, starting from agriculture & mining to steel & textile manufacturing, transportation, and communication. Steam-powered machinery benefits mining operations, enabling the industry to boost production, efficiency, and safety.
Improvements in mining and transportation were instrumental in heralding the crude oil economy in the late 19th and early 20th century as well.
Industrial and technological innovation also brought a revolution to the manufacturing sector. Textile, iron & steel, chemical, food – all industries in the manufacturing sector embraced the Industrial Revolution and underwent enhancements.
Experimentation and implementation of technologies brought advances in metallurgical methods used in iron, steel, & other metal manufacturing & processing works. The production of fabrics underwent a boom in productivity and shifted from a small-scale cottage industry to mechanized factories. Production of chemical solvents, dyes, etc., for textiles, fertilizers & pesticides for agriculture, specialized chemicals for producing metals, medicines & pharmaceuticals, etc., accelerated as new techniques and equipment became common.
Transportation & Communication
Steam locomotives and the railways revolutionized transportation & communication. Steam power was utilized across different kinds of ships as well. The entire transportation infrastructure of Britain and, subsequently, the entirety of Europe and the world changed as railways & steamers reduced transportation times and were capable of transporting large populations at once.
Being a tertiary sector, advancements in the mining, manufacturing, & energy sectors trickled down gradually to impact the transportation & communication industries. Science and technological experimentations & developments occurred rapidly, leading to the birth of the telegraph and the radio, two pioneering & groundbreaking communication technologies of the previous millennium.
As industries changed & economies transformed, society began to undergo gradual but permanent changes.
The Impact on Society
The Industrial Revolution increased productivity, efficiency, availability, and accessibility. It led to population bursts, increased life expectancy, changes in employment opportunities, improved living standards, and more.
The overall amount of wealth increased, and so did wealth distribution. Large-scale commercial establishments replaced small-scale manufacturing & services. Literacy levels shot up. And so did urbanization, spurred by transportation, communication, energy & food production, sewage & sanitation, medicine & healthcare developments.
All in all, the impact of the Industrial Revolution on society & economy was nothing short of monumental. Whatever technologies, utilities, & luxuries we use and enjoy today would not have been possible without the hard work, intelligence & dedication of certain enterprising individuals in late 18th-century Britain & Europe.
That’s about it for this write-up. I hope it was an interesting read. If you need help with your history homework, connect with Tophomeworkhelper.com, one of the USA’s top academic service providers.
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